By Surabi Thapa
Nepal is a nation of greenery, filled with vast hills, mountains, rivers and resources, but also a nation without structure or balance. Through the course of 1996 to 2006, Nepal fought a bloody war between the government and the ideals of Maoists, essentially, Nepal fought a bloody war with itself. From that point forward, the instability of the state has increased far more than seen anytime in history, and has resulted in the initiation of involuntary and voluntary centrifugal migration. The migration can be classified as both advantageous and disadvantageous. The extensive outward migration of Nepalese people contributes to highly trained and educated part of the population migrating out of the country, also a phenomena commonly known as brain drain.
In such a case, the emigration of the elites of education leads to a decreasein advancements in the nation, in this case, Nepal. Over 400,000 people are involved in the net migration of Nepal, where 6.2% of that number included in emigration is tertiary educated as of 2004. They are capable of higher level thinking and are trained well to accommodate to prestigious positions, but due to the unpredictability of Nepal and its economy, they choose to utilize their talents in a foreign nation where they are provided with a plethora of opportunities and facilities. Analysing that perspective on the out-migration from Nepal, it can lucidly be concluded that the Nepalese diaspora (including youth) is severely disadvantageous to the development of Nepal. However, the Nepalese diaspora (including youth) can also be advantageous to the development of Nepal because researchers depict that three times more money is sent to Nepal from migrants than what the country itself receives for developmental aid. This is a perspicuous example of the stimulation of economy that can be inflicted by the migrations, and a direct positive relation to the development of Nepal. With over a million of the Nepalese population overseas and the said economic stimulation, the diaspora is an imperative lifeline to the nation.
Along with the influx of money into the country, the diaspora also provides recognition. Nepal is a small and landlocked country with a population of only 27.8 million according to the 2013 Census, and therefore, is not known by most people around the world. Granted that Nepal holds certain landmarks and historical idols, but with disputes of their origin, Nepal is typically not credited. In correlation, the more the spread of the Nepalese population around the world, the more foreigners are going to be aware of its culture and heritage which could lead to an increase in tourism. Because of Nepal’s natural beauty and all its history, it is a colossal attraction to tourists. Since tourism is of paramount importance among the industries in Nepal, an elevation in the rates of tourists visiting would most certainly succor the economy of Nepal, and its overall development. Every nation and its citizens are bound to have strengths and weaknesses, as for Nepal and Nepalese, their utmost strength is unity followed by perseverance and loyalty, while the weaknesses are inclusive of poor execution of laws, interference of personal business in public matters, disorganization, and extreme superstitions. The strengths can be characterized by the bravery and hard work demonstrated by the Gurkha soldiers, and loyalty illustrated by Prithvi Narayan Shah in uniting the nation. These attributes are still in existence in the citizens of Nepal, and is the glue that holds the nation in union in times of hardships as the recent earthquake so vividly demonstrated. On the contrary, the case of the earthquake can also be employed in order to shed light on the weaknesses of Nepal and its citizens. The earthquake that occurred in April of 2015, left 8,000 dead, over 21,000 injured, and miles and miles of eradication of major historical landmarks, and numerous households. This act of nature majorly highlighted the deficits in the governing sector, and the overall organization of Nepal. A year later, the progress in providing relief to victims is yet stationary. The amount that the citizens are receiving compensation for their loss is immensely lower than the actual necessity of the civilians. Since Nepal runs on agglomerations of few big consortiums, the destruction of those largely impacted the economy. In addition to that, the lack of attention and inability of the government to fund relief of organizations without help from foreign states really highlighted the weak command held by the government on its system and its citizens.
Furthermore, due to the cavernous roots of culture and tradition in Nepal, the nation has been stagnant in its social ideals. The nation yet enforces superstitions, holds a strong sense of patriarchy, and therefore is behind in advancements in gender roles. This is where the youth of Nepal and their modern education gathered through the diaspora comes into play in order to raise awareness of the derision and impacts of extreme superstitions in the deep, remote areas of Nepal. The suppression of women or people through folktales, superstitions and castes directly affects the development of Nepal. Although, it can be argued that castes provide Nepal with a very unique demographic composition consisting of 36 different castes and cultures, it also presents a halt in advancing out of discrimination which obviously has negative impacts in establishing a developed and open-minded nation. The removal of these constrictions has the potential to reveal so much talent in the women and in the lower castes that were never provided with even an opportunity to showcase their capacity to help the nation. It is truly up to the devoted youths of the nation to make changes. Therefore, the emigration of youths out of Nepal can have major consequences in the nation’s development.
Yearly, the most migrations are done by individuals rather than families. The majority of these individuals are youths that seek out opportunities in foreign nations, or want to acquire a quality education in an international level. These youths are educated in lines of science rather than beliefs, or superstitions. While it is true that, youths are more exposed to resources in foreign nations and are able to provide aid in times of hardships in their motherland, emigration of youths is also disadvantageous because they are deprived of chances to spread their knowledge to their own country for their own country’s benefit, rather than to a foreign nation. On the other hand, the emigration of youths actually can help in the spread of Nepal’s culture and heritage. The youths that retain their culture through their parents or their memories contain the ability to diffuse their knowledge, which in turn will cause an influx of attention to their homeland and eventually aid in its development. The diaspora of Nepalese around the world has its benefits, but also has its harms. It results in the outflow of intellectual individuals, and causes a strain in the economy. While, it also helps in the spread of culture, and has a major impact in the stimulation of the economy. The Nepalese youth diaspora has positive and negative consequences. The retainment of culture and the spread of heritage outside of the nation can bring in visitors and aid in the economy, but it outmigration of youths also puts a strain in the advancement of the social ideals of the nation. Nepal is a country of great strengths and resources, but also a nation of poor governance and indigent balance in the social, political and economic regulations on the republic of Nepal.